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Fact or Fiction: Do Uterine Fibroids Cause Cancer?

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Uterine fibroids are growths of the uterus that usually develop when a woman is in her childbearing years. Three out of four women will develop uterine fibroids during their lifetime. Most, however, won’t even know it because many times fibroids are not symptomatic.


In the case of women who do have symptoms, they may experience the following:

Heavy bleeding during cycle
Extended menstrual periods — seven days or more
Pelvic discomfort or pain

Having to urinate constantly
Bladder hard to completely empty
Backache or leg pains

When you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, including spotting between periods or painful intercourse, it may be time to see the doctor. Interestingly, if your mother or sister had fibroids, chances are that you will too. Even race plays a factor as studies indicate that black women are more likely to have fibroids than any other race.

Is there a cancer connection?

Medical research reveals that uterine fibroids aren’t associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer. There are complications associated with this condition, but first, why do they develop anyway?

The answer is not clear. Doctors do know that genetic alterations, hormones and even natural chemicals produced by the body (insulin-like growth factor) may be reasons.

But when complications become persistent and intense, it is best to seek medical help. Heavy blood loss and anemia can develop as well as severe pain. And even though many can have a successful pregnancy with fibroids, some women have had repeated lost pregnancies.

Research clearly shows that fibroids cause a slight increase in miscarriages, premature labor and delivery, abnormal fetal position and placenta separation. When this occurs, your doctor will probably discuss the possibility of removing some of or all of your fibroids to decrease this risk.


But what if you are one that is finding it necessary to get further medical help due to complications that your fibroids have brought about?

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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.