Listen as Dr. Berga explains the causes of estrogen.
It causes different things in different tissues. So, it tinkers with the balance between cell repair and cell shedding down and we call that apoptosis. When the cell goes through a senescent cycle where it actually goes through a staged death, that’s called apoptosis.
When the cell replicates and divides, that’s called mitosis and it turns out that estrogens, in some tissues, alter the balance between mitosis and apoptosis, and when they do that they cause cells to look different, and that’s what we are trying to understand at the molecular level right now, that’s actually where the story is resting for the moment.
When we’re talking about it as a doctor, we’re kind of talking on a much more global level than where the action is today.
About Dr. Berga, M.D.:
Dr. Sarah Berga is professor and chairman in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Emory University School of Medicine. She is board certified in obstetrics and gynecology, and reproductive endocrinology. She received her undergraduate degree at the University of Virginia and later held an Obstetrics and Gynecology General Hospital Fellowship at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Berga’s research focuses on understanding the impact of psychogenic and metabolic stresses upon the reproductive system and as a cause of infertility, among other topics.
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