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What are the Most Common Sexually Transmitted Infections?

By Stacy Lloyd HERWriter
which sexually transmitted infections are most common? Lev Dolgachov/PhotoSpin

Some sexually transmitted infections or STIs have noticeable signs and symptoms. However some do not. What do you need to know about them? Here are seven common sexually transmitted infections, what to watch for, and how to treat them.

1) Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are more than 40 types of HPV that can infect the genital areas, mouth and throat of both sexes.

HPV can cause serious health problems including genital warts and certain cancers. In most cases HPV goes away on its own before causing any health problems. Most people don’t even know they’re infected.

2) Chlamydia

The CDC estimates that 2.8 million new cases of chlamydia occur annually, wrote the Reproductive Health Technologies Project (RHTP).

Even though chlamydia can be cheaply and easily treated, up to 75 percent of women with chlamydia don’t have symptoms and therefore may go undiagnosed and untreated.

Untreated, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause short or long term damage, such as fever, vaginal discharge, chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy or infertility.

3) Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection. Like chlamydia, untreated gonorrhea is a major cause of PID as well as ectopic pregnancy and infertility, said RHTP. While gonorrhea is curable with antibiotics, a growing number of strains are now resistant to drugs used in treatment. However the vast majority of infections are treatable.

4) Syphilis

Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum, stated About.com. Syphilis is transmitted by direct contact with syphilis sores, which can appear on the external genitals, mouth, vagina or rectum.

The small painless sores of early syphilis may heal by themselves, but the disease isn’t gone. It's just become more difficult to detect and treat. The infection is treatable with antibiotics

5) Trichomoniasis

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

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