During the quiet hours of the night, a surprising number of people are not sleeping well, some of them aren't sleeping at all. There are a variety of sleep disorders that afflict people, and some folks are unfortunate enough to live with more than one disorder.
Here are a few of the more common sleep disorders:
Lots of people suffer from insomnia. They have a hard time falling asleep. Or they may find it difficult to stay asleep. Some people struggle with both. This lack of sleep is frustrating for those trying to get through the night. They are not refreshed when they give up on sleep either through the night, or in the morning.
A sleep study can glean helpful information. Treatments such as counseling, lifestyle changes and medication may be beneficial.
2) Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea interrupts sleep as the sufferer stops breathing and starts again. Breathing may be shallow manner, with long pauses between breaths. Snoring often ensues during a troubled night of broken sleep.
A continuous positive airway pressure, also called a CPAP, may make a significant difference in a more tranquil sleep.
3) Restless legs syndrome
Restless legs syndrome expresses itself in a strong urge to move the leg muscles. In fact, it's downright difficult to keep them still. Burning, tingling or prickling can accompany RLS. All this unpleasantness can make it hard to get to asleep and stay there.
Moderate exercise, regular sleep patterns and relaxation techniques may help. Medication may also make a difference.
Narcolepsy comes with a number of unpleasant symptoms. Cataplexy is a sudden absence of muscle tone brought on by intense emotions, or laughter. Hallucinations are frightening and disorienting.
Sleep paralysis — described more fully below — makes moving impossible at times, while going to sleep or awakening.
Narcolepsy may be regulated by medication. The help of a health care practitioner is important.
5) Night terror aka sleep terror disorder
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Restless Legs Also called: RLS. NLM.NIH.gov. Retrieved March 21, 2016. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/restlesslegs.html
Narcolepsy: Possible Autoimmune Disorder with Genetic Abnormalities. Empowher.com. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
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Sleepwalking. Emedicine.medscape.com. Retrieved March 21, 2016. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1188854-overview
Sleep Paralysis. WebMD.com. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
Talking in Your Sleep. WebMD.com. Retrieved March 21, 2016.