She walked slowly as if she didn't have any strength. Her eyes looked shallow and droopy as if she had been sleeping for a long time.
"What is wrong with you, haven't you been sleeping?" I asked her earnestly. I didn't understand whether she meant yes or no with the nod. I asked the same question again. This time noticing her brittled finger nails.
"I did sleep well, but I don't know why I feel too tired these days. I couldn't help but worry about her recent weight loss. Ever since I came to India, I have been watching her completely drained and depressed. She doesn't look like a new mom or a newly wed. The charm in her face that was there two years ago when she was married is gone along with the glow she had as when she was pregnant. Our next door neighbor looked like a real patient. Two days later she came out and explained that she was just diagnosed with 'Hypothyroidism'.
Hypothyroidism by definition means insufficient production of the thyroid hormones T4 and T3 which affects the metabolism, growth and development along with the cellular processes. Thyroid hormones are produced by the thyroid gland that is located in the neck area just below the adam's apply, surrounding the trachea or the windpipe. Thyroid gland produces the thyroid hormones using iodine from foods like bread, salt. T4 hormone is known as Thyroxine and T3 as Triiodothyroxine. Production of these hormones is regulated by the pituitary gland which in turn is regulated by the hypothalamus in the brain. All these in turn affect the metabolism of the cells in the body.
Hypothyroidism is more common in women then men and the chances increase with increase in age. There are different kinds of hypothyroidism such as:
1. Hashimotos Thyroiditis - is caused by the enlargement of the thyroid gland that reduces the gland's ability to produce the hormones. This condition is mostly genetic and runs in families. It is usually associated with the lack of Vitamin B-12 resulting in anemia. This condition is usually more common in women.