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Thyroid Disease Facts

By EmpowHER
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Photo: Getty Images

Who Has Thyroid Disease?
• According to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, an estimated 30 million people may be affected by thyroid disorders, but only half have been diagnosed.1
• More than eight out of 10 patients with thyroid disease are women.2
• Women are five to eight times more likely than men to suffer from a thyroid condition.3
• By age 60, as many as 17 percent of women have an underactive thyroid.4
• Fifty percent of thyroid disease patients’ offspring will inherit the thyroid disease gene.5
• Fifteen to 20 percent of people with diabetes and their siblings or parents are at a greater risk of having thyroid disease (compared to 4.5 percent of the general population).6

The Thyroid Gland
• The thyroid gland is the small, butterfly-shaped gland found just below the Adam’s apple.7
• The thyroid gland is a complex organ, and impacts many major parts of the body, including liver, kidney, heart, brain, bones and the reproductive system.8
• Decreased thyroid activity can affect the entire body.9

Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy
• Nearly one out of 50 women in the U.S. is diagnosed with hypothyroidism during pregnancy.10
• Six out of every 100 miscarriages are associated with thyroid hormone deficiencies during pregnancy.11
• Five to 10 percent of women are diagnosed with postpartum thyroiditis.12
• Approximately 25 percent of women with postpartum thyroiditis will develop permanent hypothyroidism.13

Hypothyroidism and Aging
• Incidence of hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) increases with age.14
• The American Thyroid Association recommends adults be screened for thyroid dysfunction beginning at age 35 and every five years thereafter.15

Thyroid Disease and Children
• One out of every 4,000 to 5,000 babies born in the U.S. has hypothyroidism.16

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