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Types of Thyroid Surgery

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Thyroid Conditions related image Photo: Getty Images

If you have been diagnosed with thyroid nodules or thyroid cancer, you may be offered surgery. There are different types of surgery available depending on whether you have nodules or cancer, the type of cancer and the stage it is at.

These are:

Partial Thyroid Lobectomy

This is where a small portion of the thyroid gland is removed. It is usually only done to remove benign lumps.

Thyroid Lobectomy

This procedure is done if you have non-cancerous nodules. The half of the thyroid gland that contains the nodules will be removed. Although this is done with a general anaesthetic, it is a fairly simple operation and you may be allowed to go home the same day.

Thyroid Lobectomy with Isthmusectomy

This operation is similar to the thyroid lobectomy except that the isthmus (the connection between the lobes) is also removed. It is sometimes done instead of a thyroid lobectomy to make sure that enough tissue has been removed to resolve the health concern. It is a technique that can be used for small cancers that aren’t aggressive.

Subtotal Thyroidectomy

This is when three-quarters of the thyroid gland is removed, all of the affected lobe, the isthmus and most of the opposite lobe. This is done if you have a small cancer or goiter that is causing neck problems.

Total Thyroidectomy

This is when the entire thyroid gland is removed. This is done for more aggressive, larger tumors. Many surgeons, however, opt for this type of surgery no matter what your stage of cancer, to stop the cancer spreading.

How is the Surgery Carried Out?

The surgeon will make an incision in the lower central neck, 3-5 inches long and remove part or all of the thyroid gland through that. Then the incision will be sewn up.

Small, partial removals may be done as a day case. For larger operations, you should expect to stay in hospital for two days.

Complications of Thyroid Surgery

Add a Comment3 Comments

EmpowHER Guest

Thanks Joanna

Very informative article, especially for those who suffer from thyroid. Its nice to know there is actually some useful information around the internet.
Kindest Regards
Provillus For Women

May 23, 2012 - 4:07pm
EmpowHER Guest

Hi Joanna
Nice informative article, i did not know much about thyroid and all the different types of surgery you can get to remove thyroid. This article is really helpful for those looking to have thyroid removed.

Lynne sd1400is

February 20, 2012 - 8:58am
EmpowHER Guest

Getting so much information on thyroid surgery and how to overcome it is really good and helpful. I guess many people are still suffering from this and do not know that it can be cured.
Custom Cabinets

January 20, 2012 - 10:25pm
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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Thyroid Conditions

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