Vulvodynia is defined as chronic pain in the area around the opening of the vagina or the vulva. As explained by the Mayo Clinic, the vulva includes the pad of fatty tissue at the base of the abdomen, the labia, clitoris and the opening of the vagina. With some, the pain is so intense that even sitting for long stretches of time is very uncomfortable and enjoying sexual intercourse is not possible to say the least. It’s considered as chronic pain because this condition can go on for months or years (intermittently or constantly) or can totally disappear as suddenly as it started.
Although a common ailment, it is thought to be even more common due to underreporting. It is strongly advised that if you are having the following symptoms to get assistance because there is help to ease this type of pain.
Symptoms are as follows:
Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)
Although the real cause of this condition is not known, there are factors that may put you at risk, such as:
Injury to or irritation of the nerves surrounding your vulvar region
Past vaginal infections
Allergies or a localized hypersensitivity of your skin
In order to get the proper diagnosis, your doctor will do a pelvic exam to take a closer look at your genitals. He/she would want to rule out anything else – like an infection – that may be the cause of your symptoms. Also, a cotton swab test is done to check for any localized areas that are especially painful.
In treating vulvodynia, the emphasis is relieving the symptoms. There are several available options. It is best to work closely with your doctor to see what works best for you.
Options available include:
Medication - to lessen the pain and antihistamines to reduce the itching.
Biofeedback therapy - helps you control specific body responses that may actually cause more chronic pain.
Local anesthetics - which can provide temporary relief. This type of drug (usually in an ointment), is recommended for use 30 minutes before sexual intercourse, but beware, your partner may experience some numbness too.