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ABA and IBI Therapy for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

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 ABA and IBI for autism spectrum disorders PS Productions/Photospin

- Pivotal Response Training (PRT) to increase a child’s motivation to learn, monitor his own behavior, and initiate communication with others. (2)

- Verbal Behavior Intervention (VBI) which focuses on teaching verbal skills. (2)

- Developmental, Individual Differences, Relationship-Based Approach (DIR; also called “Floortime”) which focuses on emotions and relationship development, and is also used to help a child deal with sights, sounds, and smells. (2)

- Treatment and Education of Autistic and Rrlated Communication-handicapped Children (TEACCH) which uses visual cues, such as picture cards, to teach skills like getting dressed in several small steps. (2)

Other therapies that can be part of the treatment plan:

- Occupational Therapy which teaches skills to help a child learn to live as independently as possible such as dressing, eating, bathing, and interpersonal communication. (2)

- Sensory Integration Therapy to help a child deal with sights, sounds, and smells, and with being touched. (2)

- Speech Therapy to improve a child’s communication skills. This can include actual verbal communication skills or the use of gestures (sign language) or picture boards. (2)

- Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) which teaches communication skills through the use of picture symbols to ask and answer questions and have a conversation. (2)

IBI: Intensive Behavioral Intervention

Intensive Behavioral Intervention (IBI) is “intensive and comprehensive delivery of behavioural treatment for young children with autism [and] is guided by the clinical application of the learning principles and teaching strategies of ABA ...” (3)

IBI is used for children who are at the moderate to severe end of the autism spectrum. (3) Children with Aspergers usually do not qualify for IBI since, by classification, they’re higher performing.

In contrast to ABA, IBI:

• Uses a specific intensive format for each child

• Is usually delivered at home or in a private space

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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

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