The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke pointed out that is the most effective treatment for focal dystonia, which prevents muscle contractions.
The effects can last for several months before the patient needs another injection. Some patients may need surgery to reduce the muscle contractions. The surgeon either cuts the nerves that send information of the affected muscles or removes the affected muscles.
The symptoms of focal dystonia may be alleviated by deep brain stimulation, in which an implanted electrode in the brain sends controlled levels of electricity to block or interfere with signals that result in symptoms. Other types of therapies may help with individual symptoms, such as speech therapy for voice difficulties. Additional options include physical therapy and biofeedback.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Dystonias Fact Sheet. Web. 9 November 2011.
MayoClinic.com. Dystonia. Web. 9 November 2011.
NYU Langone Medical Center. Focal Dystonia. Web. 9 November 2011.
Reviewed November 9, 2011
by Michele Blacksberg RN
Edited by Jody Smith