Non-cardiac causes of PND include:(2)
- Chronic respiratory diseases such as emphysema
- Sleep apnea
- Pulmonary emboli
What to do?
If you suddenly find yourself awakened with PND, regardless of cause, it is best to seek immediate medical attention as there is no way, without further testing and evaluation, to know what is causing it.
How is PND treated?
Doctors treat heart conditions with a variety of drugs to improve the function and oxygenation of the heart muscle. A physical exam, EKG and chest X-ray will be performed along with blood work to determine the best plan.
Diuretics, vasodilators and drugs to make the heart beat more strongly may be prescribed. Supplemental oxygen may be used as needed.
A reduced salt diet and a regimen to reduce one’s weight will be suggested, if needed.
Michele is an R.N. freelance writer with a special interest in woman’s health care and quality of care issues.
Edited by Jody Smith
1) Vaskar Mukerji. Chapter 11 Dyspnea, Orthopnea, and Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
2) Richard N. Fogoros, M.D. Heart Disease Expert Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND). About Health.com. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
3) Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea. How Stuff Works Health.com. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
4) Shortness of Breath When Lying Down, Sleeping or at Night. HealthHype.com. Retrieved February 21, 2016.