• Weight – Being too thin can increase your risk of osteoporosis.
• Smoking – Smoking cigarettes makes it harder for your body to use the calcium in the foods you eat. Smoking can also lead women to go through menopause at a younger age. Post-menopausal women are at higher risk for osteoporosis.
• Alcohol – People who drink more are at higher risk.
• Medications – Some medications including glucocorticoids and anti-seizure medications can cause bone loss. Talk to your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions about your medications.
If your doctor thinks you may be at risk for osteoporosis, he or she may want to have your bones tested. A bone density test can detect if your bones have a normal density for your age.
If your bone density is low, there are things you can do to slow down bone loss and reduce your risks for osteoporosis, including eating more calcium-rich and vitamin D-rich foods, and getting more exercise such as walking or dancing to increase bone strength. There are also prescription medications that can help prevent osteoporosis.
Eating Well. Bone Health Risks. Web. January 15, 2013.
NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center. What Is Bone? Web. January 15, 2013.
NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center. Bone Health For Life. Web. January 15, 2013.
Medline Plus. Bone Density. Web. January 15, 2013.
Mayo Clinic. Bone density test. Web. January 15, 2013.
Reviewed January 16, 2013
by MIchele Blacksberg RN
Edited by Jody Smith