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What Causes Stuttering and What Helps Control It?

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What Causes Stuttering and What Helps Control It Via Unsplash

Parents should resist the impulse to finish their children's sentences for them. They can praise the child who is able to speak without stuttering and be open to discussing stuttering with the child.

There is also a technique called the Lidcombe Program, which was developed in Australia for children ages two to six to help them shape their verbal fluency.

According to the Mayo Clinic, controlling fluency is part of speech therapy treatment that is used for both children and adults who stutter.

Controlled fluency

Controlled fluency teaches the stutterer to slow down their speech and to pay attention to those situations when they are more likely to stutter. It also involves relaxing the muscles of the lips, jaw and tongue as well as relaxing one’s breathing and the vocal fold area in the throat.

“Some studies have shown that this treatment worked well for many stammerers with about 70% of participants claiming satisfactory fluency 12-24 months after treatment.”5

Behavorial modification

Behavorial modification helps people to work on their concerns and to avoid overthinking about those situations that make stuttering worse. They work on dealing with their fears and their stress regarding stuttering. Behavior modification can assist people in improving their self-esteem.

Electronic devices

There are now electronic devices that can be used to give the speaker feedback on their speech. The devices can distort the stutterer’s voice unless they speak slowly. Other electronic tools can mimic one’s speech so it sounds like the person is talking in unison with another person.

Drugs

Drugs are not used much to treat stuttering due to side effects and mixed results in their ability to help stutterers.

Providing support

Both the stutterer and their families need support to manage this condition.

1) Stuttering. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders at NIH.gov. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/stuttering#causes

2) Where to Turn: 8 Tips for Finding a Speech Therapist in Your Area. Speech Buddy.com. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
https://www.speechbuddy.com/blog/speech-therapist/how-can-i-find-a-speech-therapist-in-my-area

3) Stuttering. Mayoclinic.org.  Retrieved October 9, 2016.
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stuttering/basics/causes/con-20032854

4) Stammer/Stutter. Patient Info.Retrieved October 9, 2016.
http://patient.info/health/stammerstutter

5) Treatments for Adult Stuttering and stammering (Dysfluency). Icommunicate speech & communication.com. Retrieved October 9, 2016.  
http://www.icommunicatetherapy.com/adult-communication-difficulties-2/adult-speech-hearing-difficulties-deafness/stammering-stuttering-adult-dysfluency/treatments-adult-stammering-stuttering-dysfluency

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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

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