Thank you for writing.
How close together were these two UTI (bladder) infections? It's possible the first one was not cleared up properly, if both infections were close together.
In most cases, bacteria (usually from the digestive tract and rectal area) begin growing in the urethra. They cling to the opening of the urethra and begin to multiply. An infection only in the urethra is called urethritis . From there, bacteria move to the bladder, causing a bladder infection ( cystitis ). If the infection is not treated right away, bacteria may then go up the ureters (two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder) and infect the kidneys ( pyelonephritis ).
Most infections are caused by one type of bacteria called E. coli . E. coli normally lives in the colon. In women, since the rectum and urethra are fairly close to each other, the bacteria can move into the urethra. This makes women more prone to UTIs than men.
UTIs can also be sexually transmitted. This type of infection usually does not spread past the urethra. Both partners need to be treated.
UTIs are treated with antibiotic drugs. Standard medical care for a UTI includes taking antibiotics for three days. You most likely will start to feel better after a day or two. However, it is important that you continue to take the entire course of medication.
You may be asked to have your urine checked after you finish taking the antibiotics. This is to make sure that the infection is truly gone.
If you still experience recurrent infections, you may be referred to a specialist.
Pyridium is a medicine that decreases pain and bladder spasm. It may turn your urine, and sometimes your sweat, an orange color.
In some cases, severe UTIs are treated with intravenous or intramuscular antibiotics. Researchers, though, found that oral antibiotics appear to be as effective in treating UTIs as other treatments. *
If you are diagnosed with a UTI, follow your doctor's instructions .
With regard to your question about prevention - here are some steps you can take to keep bacteria out of your urinary tract:
Drink plenty of liquids.
Drinking cranberry juice may help prevent and relieve UTIs.
Urinate when you feel the need and do not resist the urge.
Empty your bladder completely and drink a full glass of water after having sex.
Wash genitals daily.
If you are a woman, always wipe from the front to the back after having a bowel movement.
Avoid using douches and feminine hygiene sprays.