If your blood pressure is high, you may need medication or diet changes, such as avoiding sodium, to help bring this pair of numbers down to the normal range. Most people with diabetes should keep their blood pressure below 140/80 mmHg.(1)
Another number that may show increased risk for heart disease is cholesterol. In general, your total cholesterol should be below 200.(1)
HDL or “good” cholesterol should be above 50 for women and above 40 for men. LDL or “bad” cholesterol should be less than 100 for both men and women.
Cholesterol tests may also report triglyceride levels. This is a fat that is naturally found in your blood. Triglyceride levels should be below 150.
5) Waist Size
Maintaining a healthy weight is a significant health consideration. But where extra weight gathers is also important to your health. In general, people with excess fat around the waist are at higher risk of heart disease. Losing weight can help improve both your blood sugar and your blood pressure.(1)
6) Kidney Function
If your blood sugar is not well controlled, the extra sugar in your blood can make your kidneys work harder. According to the American Diabetes Association, this can eventually damage the filters in your kidneys, leading to kidney failure.(4) This is a common complication of diabetes.
Your doctor can check the health of your kidneys by monitoring proteins in your urine. If microalbumin levels rise above 30, you may have early kidney damage.(1) Once those levels reach 300 or above, damage to your kidneys may be permanent.
7) Calories and Carbs
Your doctor will advise you on what foods to eat and what to limit to help control your blood glucose. Making good choices for a healthy, balanced diet will help keep your sugar at a more even level. This may also give you some freedom for small splurges with favorite foods that may be higher in sugar.
8) Time to Exercise
Exercise helps your body burn sugar. So getting regular exercise can help you keep your blood sugar where you want it to be.
1) 8 Numbers You Need to Know for Diabetes. Everyday Health. Jennifer Warner. Web. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
2) Diabetes: Know Your Blood Sugar Numbers. WebMD. Web. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
3) Checking Your Blood Glucose. American Diabetes Association. Web. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
4) Kidney Disease (Nephropathy). American Diabetes Association. Web. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
5) Statistics About Diabetes. American Diabetes Association. Web. Retrieved November 20, 2016.