Treating chronic sinusitis is more difficult. The two main forms of treatment are nasal steroid sprays and long courses of oral antibiotics. Many health care providers also recommend using saline (salt water) washes in the nose to help remove thick mucus and allow the sinuses to drain. Your doctor may also prescribe an oral steroid, such as prednisone, to reduce swelling in the nasal passages. Oral steroids can have significant side effects and should be used with caution. Surgery may also used to treat chronic sinusitis to improve sinus drainage by enlarging the sinus openings and removing any obstructions including nasal polyps and a deviated septum.
Tips to Reduce Sinusitis
• Add moisture – keep the nose moist by using saline sprays and avoiding dry environments. A humidifier may help if you live in a dry climate.
• Avoid irritants – stay away from cigarette and cigar smoke, and strong chemical odors.
• Avoid allergens– if you are allergic to it, stay away. An allergy specialist can test to find out what you are allergic to.
• Avoid chlorine – long periods of swimming in pools treated with chlorine can irritate the lining of the nose and sinuses.
• Don’t dive – water diving forces water into the sinuses, which can irritate the lining of the sinus and carry bacteria into the sinus cavity.