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Five Types of Vasculitis

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Other conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, heroin or cocaine usage, and general infections are also associated with CNS.

CNS vasculitis is characterized by symptoms which are similar to a stroke such as paralysis, inability to move, and general muscle weakness. Persons with CNS vasculitis may also experience changes in cognitive ability, difficulty concentrating, clear thinking, or headaches.

Churg-Strauss Vasculitis

Extremely rare, Churg-Strauss vasculitis is an inflammation of the small blood vessels in your lungs. It’s sometimes referred to as Churg-Strauss syndrome, allergic anxieties, or granulomatosis.

Because it affects the small blood vessels in the lungs, this type of vasculitis is more common in persons with asthma. In addition to the lungs, Churg-Strauss vasculitis also affects the skin, central nervous system, heart, and kidneys.

Behcet’s Syndrome

This form of vasculitis generally manifests in early adulthood in persons between the ages of 20 and 40 years and is more common in men than women. Ethnicity plays a role in susceptibility to this form of vasculitis. Those of Mediterranean, Middle or Far Eastern ethnicity are more likely to develop the condition.

It’s characterized by ulcers in the mouth and in the genitals. Some people also experience skin eruptions similar to acne or inflammation in the eyes, also known as uveitis.

Buerger’s Disease

Buerger’s disease, or thromboangiitis obliterans, is a form of vasculitis which is very common in persons who smoke cigarettes. This form of vasculitis specifically targets blood vessels in the limbs -- hands, feet, legs, and arms -- resulting is a loss of blood flow to these areas.

Some of the complications from Buerger’s disease can be serious including blood clots and ulcers which may develop into gangrene. Persons with Buerger’s syndrome may also experience pain localized in feet or calves when walking or in the hands and arms.

While it can affect anyone, it’s more common in young men under the age of 40 who are of Eastern European or Asian descent. The blood flow may become so blocked that surgery is required to correct the condition.

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In the U.S. and other Western countries, Behcet's Disease is more common in women than men. It's only in the Middle East & Asian regions where men predominate.

Behcet's can cause many symptoms not mentioned here, and some patients never have the eye or brain involvement described. Children can also have Behcet's, although it's uncommon before the teenage years.

Most common symptoms include recurrent oral and genital ulcers, eye inflammation, skin lesions, arthritis, GI problems, headaches, fatigue, and CNS/brain involvement similar to MS.

November 4, 2011 - 12:07pm
Blogger (reply to amietamant)

Hello Amie... Thank you so very much for all the additional information on Behcet's Disease. It's often difficult to get all the information that I'd like into an article because we are limited on length. I love it when readers and other Empowher members share their experiences and additional info. Thank you so much for posting and sharing the additional information. I appreciate it! Mary

November 6, 2011 - 10:56pm
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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

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