Other types of stimulants are coffee, nicotine, cocaine, etc.
ADHD is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in children and about 2.5 million children are taking stimulants for it. Stimulants are meant to improve concentration, decrease appetite, reduce sleepiness and improve fatigue. Yet, they may cause increased heart rate, blood pressure, increased anxiety, heart problems, etc. And of course, abuse and addiction is common resulting in dependence, tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, and other problems.
In 2008, the AHA, American Heart Association, reported that from 1999 through 2003, 19 sudden cardiac deaths and 26 cardiovascular events were reported in children under 18 who received ADHD medications. The AHA wanted to reduce these possible heart related incidences by identifying those children with undiagnosed heart problems before starting them on medications such as Ritalin or Adderall. And so, the AHA recommended that an ]]> ECG, electrocardiogram]]>, be performed prior to taking the medications. The ECG records the electrical activity of the heart, is noninvasive, fairly inexpensive, and takes about 5 minutes to perform.
The ]]> AAP, American Academy of Pediatrics]]>, and other societies, associations and organizations responded by stating that there is no clinical evidence of increased occurrences of sudden cardiac death in children than in the general population.