The bad news of summer is that you're at risk of getting bitten by mosquitoes that carry West Nile virus or ticks that carry Lyme disease. The good news is that these infections can be prevented by following some simple steps.
1) To ward off mosquitos, remove any stagnant water. Clear away any ivy and decaying leaves, because mosquitoes like cool, dark places.
2) Install screens on both doors and windows. This can prevent mosquitoes from getting inside.
3) Use LED or yellow light bulbs outside your home. When spending time on your deck or patio, turn on a fan.
4) Wear long sleeves, long pants, socks and closed-toe shoes if you’re outside during dawn and dusk. Tuck in those shirts and tuck your pants into socks.
5) Avoid tight clothes as mosquitoes can simply bite through them. Also avoid dark colors. Aftershave and perfume are attractive to them as well.
6) Use mosquito repellent. Make sure that it contains DEET or an equivalent.
7) Get clothes treated with the repellent permethrin, or spray it on your clothes. Permethrin is a highly effective insecticide-acaricide and repellent. Permethrin-treated clothing repels and kills both mosquitoes and ticks.
Mosquitoes pose some dangers such as West Nile virus, according to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. However, ticks are responsible for more human disease than any other insect in the United States, the U.S. Army reported.
Ticks must be on your body for at least 36 hours in order to transmit Lyme disease. Not allowing them to get on your body is key.
8) Regularly mow your lawn and remove leaves and other debris. Try to let in as much sun as possible, as ticks like tall grass and lots of shade.
Consumer Reports recommended putting up a fence around your lawn to keep out deer and other large animals that can carry ticks. And remember to check your own pets for ticks after they have been outside.
9) Avoid tick habitats, such as wooded, grassy or brushy areas.