Fluids may be given through a vein, and blood products may be required.
Treatment begins once the source of bleeding is found. Fortunately, many patients stop bleeding on their own without any treatment. However, the following treatments are used if necessary:
Angiography to help form a clot in the bleeding area or to deliver medicine to help cause the blood vessels to tighten to stop the bleeding
Burning (cauterizing) the site of the bleed with heat or a laser using a colonoscopy
In some instances, surgery is the only option. Removal of the entire right side of the colon (right hemicolectomy) is the treatment of choice for someone with this condition who continues to bleed at a dangerously quick rate, despite several treatments by angiography and colonoscopy. Patients who have bleeding related to this condition despite having had colonoscopy, angiography, or surgery are likely to have more bleeding in the future.
The goal of therapy is to reduce, if not totally eliminate, the number of bleeds, hospitalizations, and blood transfusions. Surgery may be a cure in some cases. The outlook remains good if the bleeding is controlled.
Some real complications that can occur if this condition is not properly treated are as follows:
Death from excessive blood loss
Side effects from treatment
Severe loss of blood from the GI tract
Please make an appointment immediately with your health care provider if you experience any unusual blood loss or if you have unusually dark black or tarry looking stools.
Aimee Boyle is a freelance writer, teacher and mother in CT http://www.straightandnarrow.yolasite.com