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Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms and Diagnosis

By EmpowHER
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Bipolar disorder is divided into four types: Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cyclothymia and Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

General symptoms include unusual changes in energy, sleep, activity levels and behaviors, according to the NIMH. Unstable moods are a defining aspect of bipolar disorder, and depending on the type of bipolar disorder there might be manic episodes, where a person is overly excited, energetic and happy, and there are depressive episodes, which are known for low moods and feelings of hopelessness. Some people experience both types of episodes.

Other symptoms of mania include feeling irritable or wired, being restless, having trouble sleeping, starting new projects and creating new goals, being distracted often, being impulsive and engaging in risky behaviors like excessive spending and having sex with multiple partners. Other symptoms of depressive episodes include suicidal thoughts, having issues concentrating ...


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