In a study conducted by the ]]>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)]]>, one in 303 children has cerebral palsy, a condition that results from damage to the child's brain. The time frame for this neurological damage ranges from being in the womb to age 2. Several ]]>types of cerebral palsy]]> exist, which result in different symptoms. For example, while a patient with spastic cerebral palsy has stiff muscles, a patient with dyskinetic cerebral palsy has muscle tone fluctuations. Cerebral palsy can also affect speech and learning, with some patients needing ]]>educational support]]> such as classroom modifications.
In addition to the symptoms of cerebral palsy, patients may also have other conditions. The ]]>National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)]]> explained that since cerebral palsy affects the brain and several bodily functions, patients can suffer from co-morbid conditions. For example, cerebral palsy patients may suffer from seizures, which results from abnormal electrical activity in the patient's brain. While there are ]]>several types of seizures]]>, cerebral palsy patients can experience tonic-clonic seizures or partial seizures; the NINDS noted that about 50 percent of children with cerebral palsy have these types of seizures.