The key to containment in an outbreak situation is through prevention, preparedness and response, including the provision of safe water and sanitation, which is critical to reducing the impact of cholera and other waterborne diseases. (World Health Organization) Improved food handling processes are also part of the solution.
If you are traveling to an area of the world where you might be exposed to cholera, there are effective and safe oral cholera vaccines available. Dukoral provides short-term protection of 85–90 percent against the O1 strain 4–6 months following immunization. Shanchol provides longer-term protection against O1 and O139 in children under the age of five. Both vaccines are administered in two doses given between seven days and six weeks apart. Dukoral is given in 150 milliliters of safe water.