A cystocele occurs when part of the bladder wall bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the fascia. This is the connective tissue that separates the vagina from the bladder.
There are three grades of cystocele:
- Grade 1: mildest form, where the bladder drops only partway into the vagina
- Grade 2: moderate form, where the bladder has sunken far enough to reach the opening of the vagina
- Grade 3: most severe form, where the bladder sags through the opening of the vagina
A rectocele occurs when part of the wall of the rectum bulges into the vagina. The bulge happens through a defect in the fascia between the rectum and vagina.
The sooner that cystocele or rectocele are treated, the more favorable the outcome. If you suspect you have this condition, contact your doctor.
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