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Burns Causes & Risks

Causes

Burns can be caused by:

  • Heat or flame (thermal burns)
    • Hot foods or drinks such as boiling water, tea, or coffee
    • Hot oil or grease
    • Hot tap water
    • Direct heat such as stoves, heaters, or curling irons
    • Direct flame
    • Flammable liquids such as gasoline
    • Fireworks
  • Chemicals (chemical burn)—strong acids or strong bases such as:
    • Cleaning products
    • Battery fluid
    • Pool chemicals
    • Drain cleaners
  • Sunlight ( sunburn )
  • Electricity ( electrical burn )
    • Damaged electrical cords
    • Electrical outlets
    • High-voltage wires
    • Lightning
  • Radiation (radiation burn)

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.

Risk factors for burns include:

  • Age: less than four years
  • Sex: male
  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol use
  • Illegal drug use
  • Absent or non-functioning smoke detectors
  • Substandard or older housing
  • Unsupervised or improperly supervised children
  • Using tap water hotter than 120°F

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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