Treatment depends on the severity of dysplasia, location, and size of the area of abnormal cells. A high or low grade is also an important factor. Low-grade changes do not usually need treatment. They may be followed by periodic pap smears. Low-grade dysplasia often disappears on its own. Treatment methods include:
This biopsy is the removal of a tiny cone-shaped piece of tissue from the opening of the cervix. The biopsy tissue will be analyzed. The results will show whether any of the abnormal cell growth is cancerous.
Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
A small biopsy of the cervix is taken with a wire loop heated by electric current. The results will show whether any of the abnormal cells are pre-cancerous or cancerous.
Note: Both cone biopsy and LEEP biopsy techniques remove all the abnormal tissue in question. These procedures may be used for cancer treatment and diagnosis.
Cryosurgery freezes and destroys the dysplasia on the cervix. This method is not recommended for treating large areas of dysplasia.
Laser treatment uses a concentrated, high-energy beam of light to destroy abnormal cells. This method is more favorable than cryosurgery. There is less destruction of surrounding normal tissue. Although healing is faster than with other methods, laser treatment is expensive. It is not always available.
If Cancer Is Found
Cone biopsy and LEEP are usual cures for dysplasia. However, if the cone biopsy or LEEP biopsy shows invasive cancer:
- Radiation therapy
Your doctor will discuss these options with you.
Cervical dysplasia should be followed up with often. Talk to you doctor about a Pap test schedule. Test may be scheduled every 3-6 months.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.