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Hepatitis A Prevention

Prevention

Proper Sanitary Habits

  • Wash your hands with soap and water. This is very important after using the bathroom or changing a diaper.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before eating or preparing food.
  • Avoid using household utensils that a person with hepatitis A may touch.
    • Make sure all household utensils are carefully cleaned
  • Avoid sexual contact with a person with hepatitis A.
  • Avoid injected drug use. If you do, do not share needles.
  • If you travel to a high risk region, take the following precautions:
    • Drink bottled water
    • Avoid ice chips
    • Wash the fruits well
    • Eat well-cooked food

Immune (Gamma) Globulin

This contains antibodies that provides temporary protection from hepatitis A. It can last about 1-3 months. It must be given before exposure to the virus or within two weeks after exposure.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

This vaccine is made from inactive hepatitis A virus. It is highly effective in preventing infection. It provides full protection four weeks after the first injection. A second injection provides protection lasting up to 20 years.

The vaccine is also used after exposure. If given within two weeks, it can prevent infection.

The vaccine is recommended for:

  • People who have a chronic liver disease (including hepatitis C) or a clotting factor disorder
  • People who have close physical contact with those who live in areas with poor sanitary conditions
  • People traveling to countries where sanitary conditions are poor
  • Children who live in areas that have repeated hepatitis A epidemics
  • People who inject illicit drugs
  • Men who have sex with men

Check with your doctor to see if you should receive the vaccine.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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