This disease is caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophilia . The bacteria are most often found in sources of standing water. It may be found in cooling towers, HVAC systems, and air conditioners. It can also be found in soil.
Legionnaire's disease can be contracted by:
- Breathing water vapor from a standing water source that contains Legionella bacteria into the lungs
- Breathing dust from soil containing Legionella bacteria into the lungs
The infection does not move from one person to another.
Factors that increase your chance for Legionnaire's disease include:
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