Many diseases and conditions are associated with tinnitus, including:
- Hearing loss, the most frequent cause of persistent tinnitus
- Exposure to loud noises
- Certain medications (see below)
- Wax or a foreign body in the ear canal
- Ear infection
- Fluid in the ear
- Ruptured membrane in the ear
- Meniere's disease
- High or low blood pressure
- Injury to the head or neck
- Blood vessel disorders, such as an aneurysm or hardening of the arteries
- Thyroid problems
Rare episodes of tinnitus lasting at most a few minutes are quite common in normal people, especially after exposure to loud noises. Be sure to see a doctor for tinnitus that is persistent and/or associated with hearing loss, dizziness, change in personality, speech, or weakness in any body area. Tinnitus that is pulsatile or heard only on one side also generally requires a medical evaluation. Evaluation should be more urgent when tinnitus comes on rapidly, and especially when it is associated with personality change or any loss of bodily function.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
Your risk of tinnitus increases with: