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Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Causes & Risks

Causes

The exact cause of bruxism is unknown, but it is believed to be related to:

  • Stress and anxiety
  • Abnormal alignment of the teeth or jaws

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition.

Risk factors include:

  • Chronic stress or anxiety
  • Aggressive or competitive personality
  • Abuse of drugs or alcohol —especially methamphetamines
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Age: 40 or younger; especially common in women aged 27-40
  • Family member with bruxism
  • Facial or oral trauma
  • Use of psychiatric medications, especially antidepressants such as Zoloft, Paxil, and Prozac
  • Prior serious head injury

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2019 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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