It should come as no surprise that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has found that 40 percent of Americans will eventually get type 2 diabetes. Many of us are guilty of overeating, being overweight, making dangerous nutritional choices, and not getting enough physical exercise.
“Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates listing it as the underlying cause of death, and a total of 234,051 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death," according the American Diabetes Association.
Diabetes comes in two forms: type 1 and type 2.
EmpowHER describes type 1 as developing when the body does not make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body convert food into energy.
Without insulin, glucose (sugar) from the food you eat cannot enter cells. So glucose builds up in the blood. Your body tissue becomes starved for energy.
Type 1 diabetes usually begins during childhood and young adulthood. Over the long-term, if type 1 diabetes is not adequately treated, high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, and other tissues or organs.
There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Type 2, however, is another story.
Most of us know someone who has type 2 diabetes, or we have it ourselves. More than 90 percent of cases are type 2 diabetes. Type 2 occurs when the body can't make enough insulin or the insulin that is formed does not work properly, causing problems with our blood sugar.
In a nutshell, most cases come from overeating, being overweight, making unhealthy dietary choices, and not getting enough physical activity.
The study by the CDC looked at diagnosed cases between the years of 1985 and 2011 and also checked death certificates for causes of death. Taking these statistics and looking at continued cases, they found that over a period of 26 years, 40 percent of us are likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Some of us will have received a diagnosis, and some of us will have it without knowing it.
Hispanic and black women as well as Hispanic men face an increased risk.