Diabetics are more prone than the average person to nerve damage called neuropathy. Neuropathy causes an assortment of unpleasant sensations.
You may feel numb or tingling, or you may feel intense pain. It can be ongoing and never-ending, or it can appear and disappear. Your feet and your legs are the most likely areas to be afflicted, however any part of the body can be targeted.
Diabetic neuropathy comes in a number of forms.
Peripheral neuropathyoccurs most often. The longest nerves in the body (for instance your legs and feet, then your arms and hands) are the first to be affected.
Peripheral neuropathy can make walking a misery. Your feet are more prone to infection, ulcers, as well as bone and joint pain. Your feet may be assailed with stabbing pains at night.
Autonomic neuropathy commonly affects people whose diabetes has not been well-regulated for some years. It can cause a tendency to urinary tract infections or lack of urinary control. You could find yourself alternating between diarrhea and constipation.
Your heart may race for no apparent reason. Your eyes may adjust with great difficulty to changes from light to dark.
Women may suffer from vaginal dryness and sexual dysfunction of various kinds. Men may experience erectile dysfunction.
Other autonomic abnormalities include difficult adjustment to blood pressure, body temperature regulation and your heart rate. You may become dizzy and light-headed when your blood pressure drops and does not rise normally when you get up from a sitting or a prone position.
Diabetic amyotrophy goes after nerves in the shoulder and hip areas, spreading out to encompass the nerves in your arms, abdomen and legs, most often though not always on one side of your body.
It is also known as femoral neuropathy, radiculoplexus neuropathy and proximal neuropathy. Older adults and people who have type 2 diabetes are most likely to be affected by diabetic amyotrophy.
If you have diabetic amyotrophy, intense pain may come and go in your buttock, hip and thigh, with thigh muscles becoming weak.