The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture have posted their new dietary guidelines in the Scientific Report of 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.
Here is a list of 10 suggestions, findings and recommendations:
Cholesterol was removed from the list of nutrients of concern for over-consumption. The DGAC dismissed its previous recommendation of no more than 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day.
The DGAC reported only sodium and saturated fat as nutrients of concern for over-consumption, stating that the U.S. population exceeds the recommendations for both.
Vitamin D, calcium, potassium and fiber are under-consumed and may pose a public health concern.
The general public is given the go-ahead to continue drinking caffeine but children, adolescents and pregnant women are discouraged from high doses.
5) Food Group
The USDA food patterns have changed over time. They are currently made up of five major food groups:
(4) protein foods and
Also included are their sub-groups: dark green vegetables, orange and red vegetables, starchy vegetables, other vegetables, beans and peas, whole grains, enriched/refined grains, meat/poultry/eggs, nuts, seeds, soy products and seafood.
6) Food Patterns
A new Healthy Vegetarian Pattern and a Healthy Mediterranean-style Pattern were developed. The patterns are full of nutrient-dense foods and fall below the limits for sodium and saturated fat.
7) Fruits vs. Vegetables
The majority of children aged 8 years old and younger eat enough fruit to meet the DGAC’s recommendation while everyone over the age of 8 struggles to get enough.
Very few children ever meet the daily recommendation for vegetables. And, although there is a slight increase in consumption among adults, the U.S. population never quite gets enough veggies.
8) Whole Grains