My friend's four-month-old baby has eczema which started right after she was born. No matter what they do, they are not able to keep the baby from scratching her forehead and cheeks. She constantly rubs her feet on the sheets which they think is to scratch herself. They tried every medicine that the doctors prescribed but to no avail. After trying out so many medicines, ointments and creams they resorted to alternate medicines and household remedies. We have yet to see the results of this switch.
Eczema is also called dermatitis or atopic dermatitis (most common form), meaning "inflammation of the skin." It can come at any age but most commonly in children less than four or five years old. Most of the time it does go away as the child grows up but could come back or remain in some children. A family history of allergies and hay fever seem to play a role in the children getting this condition. It seems more common in girls than in boys regardless of races. This is not a contagious condition but relates mostly to genetics.
There are several causes for the onset of eczema, including impairment of the skin barrier due to a defect in the skin or an abnormal immune system. Eczema is linked to a genetic defect causing the lack of a protein called "flaggrin" which protects the skin. Environmental conditions such as hot and humid weather, and other things like soaps, cosmetics, detergents, jewelry and sweat can also contribute to the flaring of this condition in most people.
The symptoms of eczema include:
1--dry skin, redness on the skin, itching, burning
2--blisters, oozing lesions, scaly skin or thickening and crusting of the skin due to itching or scratching.
The most common sites on the body that are affected by this condition are the face, neck, elbows, knees, and ankles. For infants, the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp and neck are the common places. Eczema could last for a few hours or continue to some days or even years.
There are several types of eczema including:
1--Atopic eczema: this is the most common type of this condition which could become chronic.