The major epilepsy treatments are medication and surgery. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke stated that about 80 percent of epilepsy patients can control their seizures with these treatment options. The medication for epilepsy called anticonvulsants can help a patient become seizure-free, or decrease how frequent and how strong their seizures are.
MayoClinic.com noted that many adults with epilepsy can stop using these medications after two or more years without having seizures. Options include valproic acid, carbamazepine, phenytoin, topiramate and gabapentin. Anticonvulsants can cause side effects such as dizziness, loss of coordination, fatigue and weight gain.
In some epilepsy cases, patients may need to have surgery. For example, if a patient does not respond to medication, her doctor may recommend surgery. MayoClinic.com pointed out that this epilepsy treatment is done mostly with patients who have localized areas of the abnormal electrical activity that are small and ...