What You Need To Know About Endometrial Cancer (uterus Cancer)
What Is Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is also known as cancer of the uterus. It is the kind of cancer that starts from the uterus. The uterus is pear-shaped where a pelvic organ or fetal occurs. Endometrial cancer is known as the most common type of uterine cancer. It begins in the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus). This is condition occurs due to abnormal growth of the cells which can spread to different parts. Research conducted by the National Cancer Institute reviews that over 3 out of 100 women would be diagnosed with uterus cancer during their existence. Also, that 70 to 80 percent of people survive endometrial cancer within 5 years after the diagnosis.
The way out for uterine cancer is early discovery and treatment. This advances the opportunity for remission and quick recovery. Always consult your doctor soon as you notice any unusual changes in your body or health. It’s best to seek medical advice or even look yp the internet to find some information, of course from valid sources. There are health portals like ClinicSpots that provide information on hospital for cancer treatment in India and top oncologists or even answer queries related to cancer through Q & Ans. Platform.
In this article, we shall be looking into several areas of Endometrial cancer. As the title implies, you would be acquainted with the causes, symptoms, type of diagnosis and treatments of uterus cancer.
Symptoms Of Endometrial Cancer
Here are some of the major symptoms to detect endometrial cancer:
- Abnormal menstrual flow
- Vaginal bleeding even after menopause
- Continuous bleeding after periods
- long-lasting pelvic pain
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- watery or vaginal discharge
The above are the major symptoms of endometrial cancer. If you are a sufferer of the listed symptoms or signs above, please make an appointment with your doctor for a proper check. Though the above symptoms do not connote serious uterus cancer, there is a need to check it out.
Stages Of Endometrial Cancer
There are several stages that can enable endometrial cancer to spread to other parts of the body. for the sake of this article we shall group this stage into four stages that are:
- Stage One: At this stage, the cancer is already present in the uterus.
- State Two: Here the cancer is present in two places that is the uterus and cervix.
- Stage Three: At this place cancer has spread beyond the uterus and cervix region. The cancer is now outside the uterus and different parts of the body like the fallopian tubes, vagina, ovaries, but still very close to the bladder or rectum.
- Stage Four: Here cancer has spread above the pelvic region. Now, it may be present in the bladder or rectum.
When one is diagnosed with endometrial cancer the level of treatment is determined by the level or stage of endometrial damage.
Ways To Diagnose Endometrial Cancer
once you observe that you have the aforementioned symptoms of endometrial cancer, do well to book an appointment with your gynecologist. The reason is that your doctor will ask you about the symptoms, medical history, and determine the stage the sign represents. This will also enable your doctor the type of treatment to place you. A pelvic exam or transvaginal ultrasound exam would be carried out on your body. Once your doctor finds out any abnormalities in your body system the following tests would be conducted:
Endometrial Biopsy: Here your doctor inserts a tiny flexible tube via the cervix into your uterus. This is to enable them to remove some pieces of tissue from the endometrium.
Hysteroscopy: In this method, the doctor inserts a tiny flexible tube with a fiber-optic camera through the cervix in the uterus. This is to enable them to visually exam the abnormal samples from the biopsy.
Dilation and curettage (D&C): This diagnosis is carried if the hysteroscopy sample is not clear. This condition your doctor to carry out another sample using D&C. Here they dilate your cervix and use sterilized tools to take tissue from the endometrium.
How To Treat Endometrial Cancer?
Here you may be wondering if there are solutions or treatment to endometrial cancer. The reality is that there are several treatment options available for anyone suffering from endometrial cancer. The type of treatment is solely determined by the stage of cancer. Your doctor is there to enlighten you on the importance of taking each of the treatments and the potential risk of not undergoing the prescribed treatment.
Type Of Endometrial Treatment Include:
This is another method to treat endometrial cancer. Radiation therapy utilizes high energy to destroy cancer cells. There are basically two types of radiation therapy, the external beam, and internal radiation therapy.
This entails the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. It may involve one or more drugs; it all depends on the level of cancer. it can be in the form of intravenous (IV) line or in a pill. This type of treatment is recommended to those who have treated endometrial cancer before and came back or for others that cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Hysterectomy Or Surgery
You can be treated through hysterectomy which is a type of surgery to treat endometrial cancer. Here, the surgeon removes the uterus, the fallopian tubes and ovaries may also be removed depending on the condition.
This method of endometrial cancer treatment involves the use of hormone-blocking drugs to change the body's hormone levels. This reduces the growth level of endometrial cancer cells. This method can be recommended by your doctor for patients in stage three or stage four endometrial cancer. This method of treatment is often joined with chemotherapy.
This is a kind of last resort. If you find it difficult to comprehend or cope emotionally due to the presence of endometrial cancer. Just alert your doctor, and he would refer you to an online support group where you can find like minds. Here you can ask a question and express how you feel to other cancer patients.