What kind of music to listen to children in their first months of life
Music causes different reactions in people. Some melodies help to relax, others, on the contrary, invigorate and give a charge of energy. Music also has a great impact on newborns. Scientists have even proved that it has a positive effect on mood and on the development of crumb. Only adults can listen to any songs, but the selection of music for your baby needs to be chosen more carefully.
Music for newborns
Newborn children perceive everything around them in a slightly different way than adults. Within a few weeks after birth, the child can not distinguish the sounds that occur around him, but understands and discerns the mother's voice, as well as the beating of her heart that he heard for nine months.
Thanks to the music, the baby can immerse itself in a calm and harmonious world for a while, for example, I don't understand why not take in a maternity hospital and put in the ward after delivery quality speakers on which to play a playlist for newborns by paying a small monthly subscription to get to the music without royalties from such sites as taketones.com, etc. They perceive it perfectly not only after birth, but also when they are still in the womb. At about 16-20 weeks, the child is unable to perceive any sounds that come to him from outside his mother's stomach. It is at this time you can already play music to the child and thus influence its development.
Music is one of the greatest needs in the upbringing of a child as it most directly affects the emotional state of the child both before and after birth:
- If the music is good, it certainly causes positive emotions and thanks to it the child can perceive the world around faster;
- music can influence the more active development of the brain, because under its influence, the work of neurons begins to activate;
- With the help of music, the child learns to listen attentively, and a little older, to represent what he or she has heard.
So, the music constantly helps children to learn how to work with images, also to analyze and synthesize.
Thanks to the influence of music, the child develops memory, imagination and a variety of perception. In addition, if you turn on calm music, the child is able to soothe and relax, especially when he cries, is capricious or too excited.
It is worth taking the choice of music for your child very seriously. More than once, scientists have claimed that classical music is the best fit for little kids and has a more positive effect on them.
Quite often parents choose for their crumbs such works as: "Moonlight" by Dibussy, "Hail Mary" by Schubert, "Ode to Joy" by Beethoven, "Winter" by Vivaldi and so on. Special attention should be paid to the music of Mozart. The fact that it has a special effect on the child and his intellectual development began to speak a few centuries ago. The transitions in all of Mozart's compositions are consonant with the biorhythms of the brain, which with regular listening can increase your child's intellectual development, attention and creativity.
Most specialists recommend using Mozart's music specifically for newborns. The most popular compositions in this regard are the Magic Flute Opera - Aria Papageno, Symphony № 4d, Andante and so on.
You can also play soft music when you are feeding your baby or if he sleeps poorly and cries in his sleep. Quite often, parents turn their children on music, which is based on a variety of sounds of nature.
It is desirable to play music for your child before going to bed, but only to take into account the fact that there are as few words in it or there are no words at all. At the same time, it is worth remembering that the best voice and music for the child will be the mother's voice and lullaby in the reproduction of the mother.
- You should not play music very loudly.
- You should not wear headphones to your child, because it will shock him.
- Do not listen to heavy rock or club music with your child.
- In the morning turn on the cheerful tunes, and in the evening - calm.
- It is not necessary to play music to a newborn for more than an hour. The best option is to listen to the music several times a day for 15-20 minutes.
Watch your child's reaction to the melody and if it causes a negative reaction, then change it.
What kind of music is useful for newborns: what kind of music can be played for babies?
Scientific research of the last 30 years has shown that music is useful for newborns. It has a mild sedative effect, creates a pleasant emotional background, develops hearing and the ability to capture the slightest nuances of sound, which later helps in learning a language, including foreign.
Which music is good for babies to listen to
The newborn is not suitable for all music, but only with a certain emotional color.
Melodies for the baby should be calm, positive, soothing - these criteria are fully consistent with instrumental music, preference should be given to the piano and string instruments, especially the violin.
Music should be harmonious, without significant differences in volume, rhythm and speed; average length - the duration of one composition should not exceed 5 minutes. Psychologists have observed the reactions of babies and formed a list of composers whose music is beneficial in different situations:
- If your baby has an alarm, Chopin, Strauss, Rubenstein will help to remove it;
- To calm down the child, turn on the music of Beethoven, Schubert;
- Bach's works will help you relax and reduce tension;
- For a good mood the best music is the compositions of Mozart and Khachaturian;
- If you want to increase your concentration, choose works by Tchaikovsky and Mendelssohn.
More than once scientists have claimed that it is classical music that suits little kids best and has a more positive effect on them.
Quite often parents choose for their crumbs such works as: "Moonlight" by Dibussy, "Hail Mary" by Schubert, "Ode to Joy" by Beethoven, "Winter" by Vivaldi and so on. Special attention should be paid to the music of Mozart. The fact that it has a special effect on the child and his intellectual development began to speak a few centuries ago.
The transitions in all of Mozart's compositions are consistent with the biorhythms of the brain, which, with regular listening, can increase your child's intellectual development, attention and creativity. Most specialists recommend using Mozart music specifically for newborn babies. The most popular compositions in this respect are the Magic Flute Opera - Aria Papageno, Symphony No. 4d, Andante and so on.
It is important that the music likes the babies themselves, causing him joy and peace. A good "soothing" is the sounds of wildlife: birds singing, the sound of sea waves, the noise of trees. You can put newborns and songs from cartoons, fairy tales, musicals for babies.
Developing music and songs for babies
The songs that Mom sings not only introduce your child to the world of music, but also stimulate its development. Moms themselves often do not even notice that they start singing, practicing with the baby. This is one of the manifestations of caring for the child. And the baby always smiles in response to the song mom - and it does not matter if she has a musical hearing and vocal data. To cheer up the baby, try to put on a home musical. This performance will cheer up a newborn and fill his life with bright colors, fun. More improvised musicals will help to instill a musical taste and interest in creativity.
Which music should not be played
Despite all the benefits of music for the upbringing and development of the baby, there are a number of contraindications in its use.
Psychologists and pediatricians prohibit playing music when a child is asleep or resting, the only exception being sleep time and a quiet, soothing lullaby.
In no case should not wear crumb headphones. The baby perceives the scattered sound, and directional sound can provoke an acoustic injury. The sound source should be at a distance of at least 1.5 m from the child, and preferably just above him. Do not use additional effects.
Kids younger than 6 months should not be taken to noisy places. Selective attention in children at this age is not yet developed, so all the sounds around them merge into a frightening cacophony.
Newborns are not allowed to listen to heavy rock, metal, rap, grunge. The pace and combination of musical instruments will have a negative impact on the crumb, perhaps even oppress its development.
You should not play music very loudly. We recommend you to play cheerful melodies in the morning, and in the evening - calm. You can listen to no more than 2-3 classical songs a day, with a total duration of no more than 10-15 minutes, and this time is best divided into two periods. In general, only my mother's song has no contraindications. Almost all other music will have to be abandoned if the child:
- susceptibility to seizures;
- Child's disease;
- ear inflammation;
- increased intracranial pressure.
Music for newborns on different occasions
Music for sleep
Music for sleep should be especially lyrical. It should resemble the flow of a plain river, be measured and calm. The list of suitable melodies:
- Chopin's Nocturnes;
- Schubert "Ave Maria";
- Beethoven "Moon Sonata";
- Bach "Well-Tempered Clavier";
- String quartets and sonatas for Mozart piano;
- Classic lullabies Glinky, Mozart, Brahms and other composers.
During the wake-up call
Israeli scientists believe that listening to classical music while kids are awake helps them grow more intelligent, increases the body's resistance to stress and improves memory.
Such music can be quite lively and fast, raise your mood with one rhythm. The list of suitable melodies:
- Mozart's Serenades;
- Toccata Bach;
- Bach "Prelude in C Major";
- Vivaldi "Seasons";
- Grieg "Morning mood";
- Schubert "Fantasy in F Minor in four hands";
- Rachmaninoff "Italian Polka";
- Fragments from Tchaikovsky's ballet "The Nutcracker", especially "Dance of Drage Fairy";
- Tchaikovsky "Children's Album";
- Beethoven "Ode to Joy";
- Glinka "Children's Polka";
- Fragments of Rimsky-Korsakov's fairytale works: "Scheherazade", opera "The Tale of Tsar Saltan" and "Snow Maiden";
- Paganini "La campanella";
- Saint-Saëns "Carnival of animals";
- Schumann "Children's Album".
Music while eating
According to research by French scientists, listening to classical music while eating by children increases their appetite and improves their digestion, especially in premature babies or children who are underweight.
It is noted that many children subconsciously adapt their swallowing rhythm to the rhythm of music they listen to. Therefore, it is important that such music is not too sharp or in a hurry. List of suitable melodies:
- "Andante" to various symphonies by Mozart;
- Bach's orchestrated suites;
- Strauss Waltzes;
- "Waltz of Flowers" from the ballet "The Nutcracker" by Tchaikovsky;
- Pachelbel "Canon".
Music therapy is useful for newborns, but it is important to select the compositions correctly and include them only when it is appropriate. If the recommendations of specialists are followed, the music will help the child to develop fully and to know this wonderful world that surrounds him.
Influence of music on children - impact on their psyche and development
Music is a special world with bright colors, magic melodies and pleasant tones. There is hardly even one person who can be left indifferent by music.
Numerous studies by scientists have proved the beneficial effect of classical music on children and adults, as well as on animals and even plants.
Strange as it may seem, melodic music can stimulate growth and development of all living things.
Effect of music on child development
The influence of music on the development of the child is really significant. Children have a very sensual perception of what surrounds them. Therefore, they also react to music in a special, more open and direct way.
If you include a young child's classical works of Bach, Beethoven and, for example, Mozart, he will very quickly learn to distinguish them and soon ask you to stop including Bach.
This is quite natural, as this composer lived a difficult fate, and most of his works reflect this very clearly. Adults assess music differently, in terms of complexity and unexpected solutions, but children are just ways to feel the feelings of the composer. And it is beautiful. Therefore, parents should introduce their child to the world of classical music as early as possible to preserve the immediacy of perception, sensuality and openness. Music affects not only the child's intellect and abstract thinking, it also helps develop memory and imagination. Music activates all kinds of perception in children - auditory, visual and sensual.
In addition, along with perception, memory - auditory, visual, motor, as well as associative and figurative - develops. Possessing such serious tools, the child starts to make progress in other subjects as well.
After all, if he is able to represent the emotions that the composer has put into his work, he can easily present the events that the teacher of history or geography describes in class. And this imaginative thinking will allow the student to quickly learn the material of any complexity. Music is also useful for mathematicians. After all, the rhythm and melodiousness of musical works can teach your child to feel space and time very naturally and accurately. In addition, music teaches your child to express their thoughts and feelings. Very often children are so emotional that they can't express their joy with words or tell about their impressions. And music, despite all its diversity and richness, is built of notes and ways, and has very clear rules of writing. Therefore, children who know how to play musical instruments and know how to write notes, often also make progress in writing compositions and poems.
So it turns out that music not just gives us pleasure, it affects many other areas of our activity.
Effect of music on children's health
The influence of music on the health of children, also takes place. Music can have a direct impact on our body. For example, the human nervous system and muscles are able to absorb the rhythm.
How often do we start dancing or, without noticing it, tapping with our fingers at the sound of a rhythmic melody. But if we turn on calm and melodic music, the heartbeat slows down, breathing becomes deeper and the brain calms down.
This physiological effect of music on the body can provide increased concentration, attention and concentration. Also classical music can restore reflexes in a newborn. Therefore, doctors recommend that pregnant women listen to Mozart's works for several hours a day, as well as include classical music in the baby's room during the first months of his life.
In addition, music is used to treat stuttering in children, because, as it turns out, it is much easier for a person to sing than to speak. And if, for example, an infant constantly listens to music, he pronounces his first sounds and words before the others, because music itself stimulates him to move his tongue, activating mental activity and as if encouraging communication.
The effect of music on a child's psyche
The influence of music on the psyche of the child begins in the womb. Music can not only have a beneficial effect on a healthy child's psyche, but it is also often used as a means to correct various disorders in children in the psycho-emotional sphere. Music therapy is used for communication problems, isolation, fears, and other psychological diseases of varying degrees of complexity. Music is used to normalize and harmonize a child's condition, relieve tension, increase emotional tone, restore balance in the psycho-emotional sphere, and correct deviations in personal development. The psychologist chooses for the child exactly those musical works that are able to reveal and affect his consciousness. If parents want to engage in music therapy as a prevention, they may well unobtrusively let the child listen to the music that can affect him.
For example, if the kid is quiet and shy, then while he sits, draws or plays with his toys, you can include a rhythmic march or a fast polka. It will certainly force it to move and activate.
But if the child, on the contrary, is hyperactive, then while he is running around the room, turn on a classical symphony, and he will calm down a little. And if you do it every day, it is quite possible to correct the character of the child. And in general, listening to classical works can lift your mood, improve your health and increase the efficiency of all family members.
Do not forget that music is useful not only for listening, but also for singing. Mom's lullaby is undoubtedly able to lull a restless baby, but it also improves lactation in the mother herself. When a child grows up, it is very useful to sing long and melodic songs.
When choosing music, take into account the mood and character of the crumb, so that the music will bring you and your baby only positive emotions. And then the music will be a harmonious part of your life, filling it with new colors and emotions.
When is the music inappropriate?
Despite all the benefits of music, there are a number of contraindications in its use. Psychologists and pediatricians prohibit playing music when your child is sleeping or resting, the only exception is the time of sleep and a quiet, soothing lullaby.
It is strictly prohibited to wear headphones for your baby. The hearing of a newborn baby is able to perceive the scattered sound, and directional sound can cause an acoustic injury. Children under the age of six months are forbidden to be in noisy places, and this is due to the fact that newborns, until developed selective attention, and all the surrounding sounds are perceived as cacophony, scaring the baby.
Children are not allowed to listen to rock, rap, heavy metal and grunge. The combination of musical instruments, the pace will have a negative impact on the condition of the baby - oppressing the development of the child.
In addition, almost any music, except for my mother's song, will be banned in the case:
- susceptibility to seizures;
- During a child's illness - severe intoxication;
- inflammatory ear diseases;
- increased intracranial pressure.
Music therapy is very important for children's development , but the main thing is to use this method correctly, and only when it is appropriate. Music is useful for your baby and helps in the development and knowledge of the world around him.