Top 3 Periodontal Disease Complications
Periodontal disease is a common complication. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 47 percent of adults aged 30 years and more have some form of periodontitis. This disease damages the oral soft tissue. Without a proper treatment plan, it can destroy your tooth-supporting bone. This is one of the most common causes of tooth loss. This disease is very dangerous but is the most preventable. People can prevent periodontitis by following common oral hygiene. These rules include: brushing teeth twice a day, flossing, rinsing, and dental visiting. People should have dental checkups at least twice a year to prevent more serious diseases.
Continue reading to learn what complications can be caused by periodontal disease.
1. Periodontal abscess
The periodontal abscess is a buildup of pus that forms inside the gums. An abscess is a severe health problem. When periodontal disease pulls away gums from teeth- “pockets” form there. It’s a good location for bacteria build-up. An abscess occurs when food is stuck in such a pocket or when a person doesn’t maintain oral hygiene rules. Periodontal abscess looks like a small swollen red ball on the gum. Symptoms of the periodontal abscess may include:
- Awful taste in the mouth
- Bad breath
- Tooth pain
- Tooth sensitivity
If you have mentioned any signs, don’t neglect them. Abscesses can be disseminated to other parts of your body. A treatment plan should be created by your dentist in a dentistry clinic. Mostly, dental specialists prescribe medication, but in some cases, it may need surgery to restore the damaged bone or tooth by periodontal disease.
2. Receding gums
This medical condition can be caused by various factors, a good example is a periodontal disease. Receding gums is a process when the gum tissue pulls back from your teeth and exposes the roots. It causes a pocket formation that can lead to much more severe problems. If left untreated, receding gums may cause tooth loss. This is a common dental problem. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, periodontal disease is a more frequent condition among men than women (56,4 percent vs 38,4 percent). Symptoms of receding gums include:
- Gum inflammation
- Bad breath
- Tooth pain
- Visible tooth roots
- Tooth loss
- Bleeding after flossing or brushing
Receding gums can be caused by many things, such as your genes, hormonal changes, aggressive tooth brushing, tobacco products, grinding teeth, and periodontal disease. Receding gums are treated by a dental specialist. In most cases, it’s medication and surgery.
Diabetes is a disease that means that your body doesn’t produce insulin correctly- as the result occurs a high level of sugar in the blood. Some studies have approved that diabetes can cause periodontal disease. Interestingly, recent research by the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health approves the fact that periodontitis may lead to diabetes. The research statistics says: 9000 participants who had periodontal disease, around 800 have developed diabetes. Also, people who had periodontal disease in different stages are more likely (nearly twice) to develop diabetes in nearly 20 years. There are different types of diabetes: the first type, the second type, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. Symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Blurry vision
- Sores that don’t heal
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
Diabetes can be caused by many things. The first type of diabetes is specific: nowadays doctors have no clue why the immune system attacks and destroys beta cells. The second type is caused by obesity and your genes. Gestational diabetes typically occurs in women during pregnancy.
The bottom line
To prevent most dental problems and their complications, you should follow simple oral health rules. Don’t neglect oral problems, because they may lead to horrible consequences.