Important Facts on an Endometrial Biopsy Procedure
An endometrial biopsy is the subtraction of a small piece of tissue from the endometrium. What is this you may be wondering, well, the endometrium is the lining of a woman’s uterus. Due to unusual variations at times in a woman’s hormone levels the cells within the uterus changes. A small sample is taken to assist doctors to spot and definite any medical conditions.
An endometrial biopsy can also be referred to as a uterine biopsy. There are a lot of reasons why a doctor might advise a biopsy.
Some of these reasons could be:
1. If a woman experiences mysterious nonappearance of uterine bleeding during her younger years
2. After you have gone through menopause and you are experiencing bleeding
3. Also when you experience irregular uterine bleeding
Risks of Endometrial Biopsies
These risks aren’t always severe, yet, the risks of this procedure include:
1. Serious or long-lasting bleeding
2. A woman’s uterine wall can be punctured, yet, this is very rare
How Long It Takes for the Results of a Biopsy to Come Back
If there were no difficult and it was basically straightforward the result can be received within two to three days after the biopsy. If there needs to be more testing done on the tissue the result may only come back after seven to ten days. You can talk to your gynecologist to understand the results if you are unsure of anything.
The results could show cell changes that are found simultaneously with hormone level changes, or irregular tissues growth like polyps or fibroids. An endometrial biopsy can also be used to confirm the effects of hormone therapy or to find cancer, as well as abnormal cells. The most ordinary cancer of the female reproductive organs is endometrial cancer which can generally be picked-up with regular pap smears.
Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer
1. Pelvic pain
2. Watery, blood-tinged or irregular change from your vagina
3. Bleeding between periods
4. Vaginal bleeding after menopause
Typically, a woman does not need to worry about these test procedures as neither the tissue sampling nor the biopsy should hurt. Most of the biopsy procedures are performed either with local anesthesia. In general, people tend to have major misconceptions about biopsies.
To numb the skin around the area of the biopsy anesthesia might be injected into your skin. During a needle biopsy they sometimes use a general anesthesia, thus, you will get medications through a vein in the arm which will put you in a sleep-like state and relaxes you, if this is the case.
Once the biopsy is completed a sanitary pad will be given to you to wear. Women can experience a bit of cramping afterward, which is very normal. To help with the cramping you may take a pain reliever, but ask your gynecologist about it. Women shouldn’t have sexual intercourse or use tampons for a few days after the endometrial biopsy.
When Is a Biopsy Necessary?
There are a lot of reasons why biopsies are done which usually is due to medical issues. Biopsies can also be done in many areas of the body. For women, one of the most common types is a biopsy that is used to detect whether a lump in the abdomen is cancerous or benign.
These tests are very precise and the preferred way to diagnose uterine cancer. However, even if there are not any cells found during the biopsy, women who experience irregular vaginal bleeding could also need a D & C (a dilation & curettage).
To obtain each biopsy sample takes about ten to twenty seconds. Therefore, to complete the entire procedure from the start to finish does not take longer than fifteen minutes. Yet, you have to make sure that you at least have about an hour spare when you go for your appointment as there could be a possible waiting time and registration needed in the office.
Can Endometrial Cancer Be Seen On an Ultrasound?
One of the first tests used to look at the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus in a woman if there is a suspected gynecological problem is an ultrasound. To see if the uterus contains a tumor (mass), or if the endometrium is thicker than usual, TVUS can be used.
For more detail visit your gynecologist who will be able to assist you with any queries.