According to the ]]>Mayo Clinic]]>, “traumatic brain injury [TBI] is usually the result of a sudden, violent blow to the head — which launches the brain on a collision course with the inside of the skull. This collision can bruise the brain, tear nerve fibers and cause bleeding.”
The severity of a traumatic brain injury can range from a mild injury to very severe. According to the ]]>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)]]>, the leading causes of traumatic brain injury are falls (28 percent), motor vehicle accidents (20 percent), collisions (19 percent), and assaults (11 percent). However, according to the ]]>Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center]]>, 30 percent of soldiers are returning with traumatic brain injury. Overall, women account for ]]>38 percent of traumatic brain injury patients]]>.
The resulting symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can be devastating. ]]>Mild traumatic brain injury symptoms]]> include brief unconsciousness, amnesia, headache, confusion, dizziness, sensory problems, mood changes, and memory problems. However, the symptoms of moderate or severe traumatic injury grow progressively worse: persistent headaches, vomiting and nausea, seizures, dilation of one or more pupils, weakness, loss of coordination, confusion, agitation, and lack of ability to wake up. Treatment options for traumatic brain injury include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, neuropsychological therapy, and social support.
However, there is another aspect to traumatic brain injury in women: domestic violence. Some researchers have started to look at the prevalence of traumatic brain injury in abused women.