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© 2008 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc.
American College of Surgeons. About cholecystectomy (surgical removal of the gallbladder). Medem website. Available at: http://www.medem.com/search/article_display.cfm?path=\\TANQUERAY\M_ContentItem&mstr=/M_ContentItem/ZZZHZGB4IWC.html&soc=ACS&srch_typ=NAV_SERCH . Accessed July 23, 2003.
Biliary tract. In: Sabiston Textbook of Surgery , 16th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders;2001:1076-1095.
Gallbladder surgery: laparoscopic cholecystectomy. University of California at Davis website. Available at: http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/surgery/Gastro/Gallbladder.html . Accessed July 23, 2003.
Online Laparoscopic Technical Manual—Year 2003. Laparoscopic management of biliary stone disease. Laparoscopy website. Available at: http://www.laparoscopy.net/chole/chole1.htm . Accessed July 23, 2003.
Online Laparoscopic Technical Manual—Year 2003. Performing a safe laparoscopy. Laparoscopy website. Available at: http://www.laparoscopy.net/safe/safe3.htm . Accessed July 23, 2003.
Last reviewed March 2008 by ]]>Ronald L. Nath, MD]]>
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