Conditions InDepth: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
]]>Post-traumatic stress disorder]]> (PTSD) is an ]]>anxiety]]> disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that can trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults, such as rape or mugging, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents, or military combat. PTSD can be extremely disabling.
Many people with PTSD repeatedly re-experience the ordeal in the form of flashback episodes, memories, nightmares, or frightening thoughts, especially when they are exposed to events or objects reminiscent of the ]]>trauma]]>. Anniversaries of the event can also trigger symptoms. People with PTSD also experience emotional numbness and ]]>sleep disturbances]]>, ]]>depression]]>, anxiety, and irritability or outbursts of anger. Feelings of intense guilt are also common. Most people with PTSD try to avoid any reminders or thoughts of the ordeal. PTSD is diagnosed when symptoms last more than one month.
Co-occurring ]]>depression]]> , ]]>alcohol]]> or other ]]>substance abuse]]> , or another ]]>anxiety disorder]]> are not uncommon. The likelihood of treatment success is increased when these other conditions are appropriately identified and treated as well.
]]>What are the risk factors for PTSD?]]>
]]>What are the symptoms of PTSD?]]>
]]>How is PTSD diagnosed?]]>
]]>What are the treatments for PTSD?]]>
]]>How can I reduce my risk of PTSD?]]>
]]>What questions should I ask my doctor?]]>
]]>What is it like to live with PTSD?]]>
]]>Where can I get more information about PTSD?]]>
National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/ .
Last reviewed March 2009 by ]]>Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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