Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma occurs in people with
. This condition is life-threatening, so it is important to seek medical attention immediately if you think you have any symptoms of an impending hyperosmolar nonketotic coma.
Hyperosmolar nonketotic coma is a
of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), in which your body tries to get rid of excess blood glucose by passing it through your urine. When HHNS is severe, it can lead to
, and eventually death.
The following factors are thought to increase the risk of hyperosmolar nonketotic coma:
Common treatments for hyperosmolar nonketotic coma include the following:
Fluid and Mineral Replacement
Fluids and minerals (potassium, sodium, chloride, phosphate, calcium, magnesium) will be given to you through an intravenous line to improve your urine output.
To help control your blood glucose levels, you will receive insulin through an IV.
Treatment for Underlying Cause
If infection is the suspected cause, for example, then antibiotics will be administered.
The best way to prevent hyperosmolar nonketotic coma is to monitor your blood glucose levels regularly. Your doctor can instruct you about how often to check your levels, and what the numbers mean. Also, talk with your healthcare provider about how to manage your blood glucose when you are sick.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a