Phlebitis is the term for the swelling of a vein, most often in one’s leg. Thrombophlebitis is the term for inflammation of a vein caused by a blood clot. The term is often shortened to phlebitis. The condition is easily treatable, though it sometimes leads to more serious health concerns.
There are two kinds of phlebitis: superficial phlebitis (affecting veins near the skin's surface) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT).
When the clot is embedded into a deep vein, thrombophlebitis can become much more serious. The condition, appropriately named
deep vein thrombosis<![CDATA]>
, can cause blood clots in the lungs (
Phlebitis is often caused by:
Prolonged bed rest following an operation
Use of estrogen
Lack of exercising your legs over an extended period of time (eg, long airplane trips)
Cancer malignancy—Certain cancers may put you at risk for a clotting condition. This condition can lead to venous thrombosis. Cancers such as
cancer, as well as
are known to increase clots.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
The following factors increase your chance of developing phlebitis:
Sitting for long periods of time, such as on an airplane or being confined to bed rest
Health conditions that increase the risk of blood clots
These include cancers particularly of the
which is associated with recurrent phlebitis
Blood disorders which increase the clotting potential of blood
These include Protein C deficiency due to Factor V Leiden (hereditary blood coagulation disorder)
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a