(Polysomnogram; Overnight Sleep Study; Rapid Eye Movement Studies)
Polysomnography is a study of sleep cycles and sleep behavior. It is usually done in a sleep center overnight. This study involves observing a person at sleep while continuously charting brain waves (EEG]]>), muscle activity (]]>EMG]]>), breathing, eye movements, and heart rhythms.
Reasons for Test
This study can evaluate sleeping problems, such as:
What to Expect
Prior to Test
- Wash your hair, but do not use any sprays, oils, or conditioners.
- The night of the test, eat dinner as you normally would.
- Do not drink alcohol or caffeinated beverages or take any sleeping aids before the test.
- Bring any medicines you are taking. When making the appointment for the sleep study, ask whether you should keep taking them in the days before the test.
- Bring comfortable pajamas and a bathrobe to wear.
- Make sure to arrive to the test on time.
Description of Test
You will arrive in the evening. You will be given time to become comfortable in the room where you will sleep. Electrodes will be attached to your head, legs, and chest. Other monitors are placed around your chest, near your nose and mouth, and on your finger. You will be able to read or relax until your bedtime. Although you will be able to move and turn over during sleep, you may be asked to try to sleep in a certain position for a part of the night. Before the lights are turned out, the technologist will test the sensors to be sure they are working. The technologist will also observe you by video during the night. This will be done in case sensors come loose or need to be removed for you to go to the bathroom. The technologist may come in during the night to check or fix sensors. An intervention to assist with sleep, such as continuous positive airway pressure]]> (CPAP) may be started midway through the night.
In some instances, your doctor may ask for an additional test for narcolepsy. The test is known as The Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT). You will need to stay for part of the next day. You will be asked to nap for up to 20 minutes every two hours. The time it takes you to fall asleep and the time it takes you to go into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep will be measured.
In the morning, your sensors will be removed. In most cases, you will then be free to go home.
After the procedure, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions.
How Long Will It Take?
About 10-12 hours
Will It Hurt?
Results from this test may come immediately. They are most often available within two weeks. The technologist reviews the data, charting your sleep stages and noting any abnormal breathing or leg movements. A doctor reviews the results to determine the cause of your sleep problem.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
American Sleep Apnea Association
National Sleep Foundation
Better Sleep Council Canada
Canadian Sleep Society
Culebras, A. Sleep disorders In: Gilman S, editor. MedLink Neurology. San Diego: MedLink Corporation. Available at www.medlink.com. Accessed May 31, 2008.
Medical encyclopedia: polysomnogram. MedlinePlus website. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003932.htm. Accessed September 1, 2005.
Montagna P. Periodic limb movements. In: Gilman S, editor. MedLink Neurology. San Diego: MedLink Corporation. Available at www.medlink.com. Accessed March 20, 2007.
Overnight sleep study. American Academy of Sleep Medicine website. Available at http://www.sleepeducation.com/Topic.aspx?id=12. Accessed September 1, 2005.
Polysomnography test (PSG). University of Iowa Virtual Hospital website. Available at http://www.vh.org/adult/patient/neurology/polysomnographytest/index.html. Accessed September 1, 2005.
What is polysomnography? Available at American Association of Respiratory Care website. http://www.yourlunghealth.org/basic_information/diagnostic_tests/polysomnography/index.cfm. Accessed September 1, 2005.
Last reviewed November 2009 by ]]> Rimas Lukas, MD ]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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