Reducing Your Risk of Type 1 Diabetes
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Currently, there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, if you have diabetes already, you can reduce your risk for complications from this disease by keeping blood sugars within a normal range, keep your blood pressure and cholesterol low. This is done through a combination of insulin, a healthful diet, and regular exercise, and likely a medication for blood pressure and cholesterol. Talk with your doctor to determine what is a healthful blood glucose range for you (or your child).
In recent years, there has been some interest in identifying persons whose blood contains antibodies to pancreatic islet cells but who do not have symptoms or signs of diabetes. These individuals have been considered to be at higher risk for developing type 1 diabetes within months or years. A variety of very experimental treatments are underway to try to prevent the progression to diabetes. None of these treatments has yet been proven fully effective and safe, but several trials are underway.
American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.t1diabetes.nih.gov/T1D_CTCR/allstudies.asp. Accessed December 6, 2009.
Winter WE, Schatz D. Prevention strategies for type 1 diabetes mellitus: current status and future directions. BioDrugs. 2003;17(1):39-64.
Last reviewed December 2009 by ]]>B. Gabriel Smolarz, MD ]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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