Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
]]>Main Page]]> | Risk Factors | ]]>Symptoms]]> | ]]>Diagnosis]]> | ]]>Treatment]]> | ]]>Screening]]> | ]]>Reducing Your Risk]]> | ]]>Talking to Your Doctor]]> | ]]>Living With Erectile Dysfunction]]> | ]]>Resource Guide]]>
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop erectile dysfunction with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing erectile dysfunction. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your healthcare provider what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors include:
The incidence of erectile dysfunction rises with age:
- One in four for men in their 60s
- Nine in ten for men in their 80s
Certain medical conditions can increase your risk of erectile dysfunction, including:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Arteriosclerosis (hardening of arteries)
- Chronic kidney disease
- ]]>Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease]]> (COPD)
- Peyronie's disease (bending of the penis caused by scar tissue)
- Endocrine disorders (hypogonadism, ]]>hyperthyroidsim]]> , ]]>hypothyroidism]]> , hyperprolatinemia, ]]>Cushing’s syndrome]]> )
- Neurological disorders (such as ]]>multiple sclerosis]]> , ]]>peripheral neuropathy]]> , ]]>stroke]]> )
- Myotonic dystrophy
- ]]>Hypertension]]> (high blood pressure)
- Psychiatric disorders (such as ]]>anxiety]]> , ]]>depression]]> , ]]>schizophrenia]]> )
- Psychological problems (stress, personal relationships, new partners)
Trauma, whether through an accident or surgery, can increase your risk of erectile dysfunction. Trauma includes:
- Vascular surgery
- Urologic surgery, such as ]]>prostate surgery]]>
- Pelvic surgeries (particularly for prostate cancer)
- Spinal cord injury
Certain behaviors can increase your risk of erectile dysfunction, including:
- Alcohol use
- Illegal drug use (eg, heroin, marijuana)
- Anabolic steroid use
- Heavy smoking
Certain medications can increase your risk of erectile dysfunction, including:
- Histamine blockers
If you suspect a medication may be affecting your sexual functioning, talk with your doctor. Do not stop taking a medication without talking to your doctor first.
American Urological Association website. Available at: http://www.auafoundation.org/ .
Guay AT, Spark RF, Bansal S, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of male sexual dysfunction: a couple’s problem. 2003 update. Endocr Pract. 2003;9:77-95.
Sivalingam S, Hashim H, Schwaibold H. An overview of the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Drugs. 2006;66:2339-2355.
Webber R. Erectile dysfunction. Clinical Evidence. 2005;13:1120-1127.
Last reviewed November 2008 by ]]>Adrienne Carmack, MD]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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