Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Red, swollen, puffy gums
- Tendency for gums to bleed, particularly with tooth brushing and flossing
- Tender, sore gums
- Tooth sensitivity to temperature extremes
- Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
- Pain during chewing
- Loose teeth
- Shrunken, receding gum line
- Pockets or gaps between the teeth and the gums
- Abscesses, or pockets of infection
- Pus oozing from the gums or between the teeth
Gum disease: what you need to know. American Academy of Periodontology website. Available at: http://www.perio.org/consumer/gum-disease.htm. Updated May 2008. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Periodontal (gum) disease. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at: http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/DataStatistics/FindDataByTopic/GumDisease/. Updated December 2008. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Periodontal (gum) diseases. American Dental Association website. Available at: http://www.ada.org/public/topics/periodontal_diseases.asp. Updated March 2005. Accessed April 23, 2009.
Last reviewed April 2009 by ]]>Laura Morris-Olson, DMD]]>
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