Symptoms of Viral Upper Respiratory Infections (Colds and Influenza)
The Common Cold
The symptoms of a common cold usually resolve on their own within 1-2 weeks.
- Nasal congestion
- A runny nose
- ]]>Sore throat]]>
- Malaise (not feeling well)
- No or minimal fever
Sore Throat due to Inflammation
The symptoms of influenza are similar to those of a cold, except you will have a fever as well.
- Malaise (usually severe fatigue)
- Decreased appetite
- Dry cough
- A runny nose or nasal congestion
- Muscle aches (usually severe)
- Sore throat
- Watery eyes
- Nausea and/or vomiting
Most people are familiar with these symptoms, however there are a few specific things to look out for:
The discharge from your nose is usually clear and watery to begin with, later becoming thicker and perhaps yellow or green. Yellow or green combined with a fever, sore face or teeth, and persistent symptoms may signal the onset of a sinus infection. Blood in the mucus or phlegm along with a headache is even more likely to be due to a sinus infection.
A dry cough is much less problematic than a wet cough. If you start producing colored sputum, be it yellow, green, or bloody, it could be a sign of bronchitis or pneumonia; contact your doctor. This is even more important if you are a smoker.
If your (or your child's) throat hurts, take a look with a flashlight. Also feel the upper neck below the angle of the jaw and below the ears. If the glands are swollen or the throat is bright red or covered with yellow or white goo (discharge or exudates), it may be ]]>strep throat]]> that should be treated with penicillin (to prevent ]]>rheumatic fever]]> ). Contact your doctor.
American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://www.aafp.org/ . Accessed February 1, 2006.
American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.aap.org/ . Accessed February 1, 2006.
Beers MH, Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy . 17th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons; 1999.
Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2000.
Last reviewed July 2010 by ]]>Marcin Chwistek, MD]]>
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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