Located at the front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple is the thyroid gland. It controls the metabolism of the body via thyroid hormones. Tissue growth, energy, absorption of vitamins and oxygen, even production of body heat are controlled by this gland.
When the thyroid gland malfunctions due to disease, overproduction (hyperthyroidism) or underproduction (hypothyroidism) can result. Goiter or thyroid nodules are also possible.
Fatigue, weight gain, and difficulty tolerating cold temperatures in children and adults, especially women, is an indication of hypothyroidism.
Hyperthydoidism can cause weight loss, sensitivity to heat and a rapid heart rate.
Thyroid nodules are small lumps on the gland. Medical attention should be sought to rule out cancer.
Goiter is swelling of the thyroid gland and could cause problems swallowing.
Thyroid conditions can include cancer.
Thyroid conditions are treated with medication. In the cases of goiter and nodules, radioactive iodine may be used.